Whilst it was not the only cause, poor solid waste management in the city made this problem […] The Niger and Benue River valleys make up Nigeria's most expansive region, merging into each other to form a distinctive 'Y' shape. The focus presentation is on the review of major drainage management issues in Ghana, and the way forward. This is the most important use of a good drainage system; it allows the free flow of water and in most cases prevents accumulation that can lead to flooding. 7. Besides, the finance of the govt, also, to the large extent, depends upon the prosperity of agricultural sector. Impacts of „Galamsey‟ on Drainage and Sanitation in the Mining Communities of Tarkwa, Ghana Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares 2,093 km of land borders with the three French-speaking nations of Burkina Faso (548 km) to the north, Côte d'Ivoire (668 km) to the west, and Togo (877 km) to the east. The Akan Lowlands contain the basins of the Densu River, the Pra River, the Ankobra River, and the Tano River, all of which play important roles in the economy of Ghana. A proper Surface drainage system shapes and molds the land into a watershed that can convey the runoff into an organized drainage system comprising of trench drains, catch basins, and storm sewers. return elsewhere. Bediabewu, Buri, Anoni, Sumin, and Ayiasu) constituting the main water bodies. FEATURES (CONT.) Problem Identification ♦ 2. The Minister of Works and Housing, Mr Samuel Atta Akyea, has called for more investment to be made in providing solutions to the current problems confronting the country’s drainage … Ghana’s water resources potential is divided into surface and groundwater sources. Drainage options for the construction industry include: Point drainage, which intercepts water at gullies (points). Poorly drained stormwater forms stagnant pools that provide breed-ing sites for disease vectors. A main cause of road damage, and problems with the serviceability of road networks, is excess water filling the pores of road materials in the road and in the subgrade soils. • Lake Bosomtwe: It is the only natural lake in Ghana. e) Gulf of Guinea: Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. Drainage systems also prevent the accumulation of stagnant water, which can encourage mosquitoes to breed. • Human resources and Entrepreneurial Ability: The quality of labor may pose a serious constraint on the growth of income. They are rivers, lakes, ponds, lagoons, dams, the sea and wetlands. Due to soil composition, land grading, and other pertinent factors, drainage systems are often needed to keep lawns and landscaping from becoming over-saturated or flooded. To read more visit the Related Link. Ships travel on the sea. 5) They provide plankton and other foods for fishes and other aquatic animals. For those applications proposing discharge of surface water into a sewer, it was frequently unclear whether this meant a combined or surface water sewer (mainly because detailed drainage plans were not available). The National Drainage and Irrigation Authority (NDIA) functions as Guyana’s apex organization dealing with all public matters pertaining to management, improvement, extension and provision of drainage, irrigation and flood control infrastructure and services in declared areas of … Drainage patterns. research, geography, transportation and urban planning to explain and analyze road network for purpose of determining the relative accessibility of each of the arterial roads. Some Common Terms Associated with Drainage Systems, Weather Elements and Measuring Instruments. Drainage systems also prevent the accumulation of stagnant water, which can encourage mosquitoes to … Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. Ghana is a country in West Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator. All major rivers in Ghana flow into the Gulf of Guinea. ♦ Deck Drainage 10. • River Volta: Location Introduction Zongo communities are parts of deprived and marginalized communities in Ghana. Therefore the Drainage Features • River Volta : It is the largest and longest river in Ghana. The river with its tributaries cover about 67% of the... • Lake Bosomtwe: It is the only natural lake in Ghana. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. 50 years ago, Ghana became one of the first developing countries to receive development assistance from the United States, and assistance continues. 1) They provide drinking water for humans and animals. However, in Ghana, there are a few that might also serve as great spots to stop over and relax while you enjoy the view and rejuvenate. 4.1).The Volta Delta lies within the Keta Basin, which is one of several fault-controlled sedimentary basins in West Africa (Appeaning Addo et al. In addition, there are a number of coastal lagoons, the huge man-made Lake Volta, and Lake Bosumtwi, southeast of Kumasi and which has no outlet to the sea. Importance in Transport: Agriculture is the main support for railways and roadways which transport bulk of agricultural produce from farm to the mandies and factories. Install a drainage system before laying down sod or creating your garden beds. ARCHITECTURAL ASPECTS IN SCHOOL BUILDING DESIGNS 2.1.1. Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares borders with the three French-speaking nations of Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Togo to the east, and Burkina Faso (Burkina, formerly Upper Volta) to the north. Water that over-accumulates in your yard may kill plants. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. Internal trade is mostly in agricultural products. Per the lie of channels, drainage systems can fall into one of several categories, known as drainage patterns.These depend on the topography and geology of the land.. All forms of transitions can occur between parallel, dendritic, and trellis patterns. There are a number of dams and ponds in Ghana. The Ashanti consider it a sacred lake. Outfall Considerations and Features ♦ 5. 6) Large water bodies can be used for transportation eg. The importance of sanitation goes beyond health. • Human resources and Entrepreneurial Ability: The quality of labor may pose a serious constraint on the growth of income. Ghana.€€€ The industry is declining however.€€ In addition to agriculture trade and craft production are important to the people of the Northern zone. Unstable soil will need to be stabilized, most likely through mechanical compaction, and at a potentially high price. Tilapia, salmon. In July 2015 flooding in Accra killed 25 people. Roads will affect the natural surface and subsurface drainage pattern of a watershed or individual hillslope. Many people are turned off by homes filled with garbage, piled … Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. 2) They provide fishes for humans. d) LAGOONS: River Volta takes its source from the Sikasso Plateau in Burkina Faso. Many rare plants and trees grow by rivers. Although considered by gardeners and farmers as beneficial, a drainage system has some disadvantages too. Other smaller ones are the Dawhenya Dam, The Tono and Vea Dams. • An area where tourism is important 3.5 Energy • Describe the importance of non-renewable fossil fuels, renewable energy supplies, nuclear power and fuelwood; globally and in different countries at different levels of development Non-renewable fossil fuels including coal, oil and natural gas. However, certain general features are discernible throughout the country. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. The river with its tributaries cover about 67% of the total land area of Ghana. So much has been written about the importance of water. A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands. System Plan ♦ 3. The results of this study have revealed that the soil-forming factors considerably influence the distribution of physico-chemical properties in Ghana soils. 7) Water bodies can be used for dams to generate electricity. return elsewhere. But how does the water that falls on the ground get to the stream or river? Ghana, a beautiful country located in West Africa continent, is bestowed with incredible natural resources such as oil, gold, cocoa, timber, bauxite and more. If, as we learn from geography, the earth is 2/3 water, and science says the human body is 70% water, then it goes without saying that no life can be sustained without water. If the surface drainage is below par, it will have a dangerous impact on the subsurface drainage. An explosion at a petrol station, caused by the flooding, killed a further 150. As Ghana's Kwame Nkrumah said in 1963 to a meeting of the Organization of African Unity: "We shall drain marshes and swamps, clear infested areas, feed the under-nourished, and rid … Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. Eg. Preliminary Concept Development ♦ Design Checklist ♦ 1. The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. Brain drain … The bush fallow system prevails wherever there is ample land to permit a plot to be rested enough to recoup its fertility, after one to three years’ cultivation. The drainage pattern of the area is dendritic, with river Ankobra, Bonsa, Huni and their tributaries (e.g. The name “Guinea” is usually said to have been a corrupt form of the name Ghana picked up by the Portuguese. The review covered: importance of highway drainage system in road construction, requirements of highway drainage system, and effects of bad drainage system on roads. The review covered: importance of highway drainage system in road construction, requirements of highway drainage system, and effects of bad drainage system on roads. Design Criteria ♦ 4. GEOG 488-Soil Survey . In most cases, a small stream will lead to a bigger stream, which will then lead to a river, and finally an open body of water. The sea to the South of Ghana is called Gulf of Guinea. 2) They provide fishes for humans. 2018) (Fig. Importance of Drainage Systems. Accordant versus discordant drainage patterns. Learning the advantages and disadvantages of drainage systems will help you determine whether installing one will work best for your garden and the environment. Lawn drainage is an issue that homeowners can face in Texas. Road drainage design has as its basic objective the reduction and/or elimination of energy generated by flowing water. To better understand the geography of West Africa and how it drives land use, we briefly examine the geology, topography, hydrography, climate, and vegetation through these broad bioclimatic regions. Storm Drains 1. A lake is a still water body surrounded by land from all sides except a side where it is fed by a river, stream or any other moving body of water. Water bodies are perhaps the easiest way to tell if you’re still on track. Lake Bosomtwe and Lake Volta are the two main lakes in Ghana. Ghana, a beautiful country located in West Africa continent, is bestowed with incredible natural resources such as oil, gold, cocoa, timber, bauxite and more. Ghana, formerly the British colony of the Gold Coast, assumes a special prominence as the first African country to acquire independence from European rule. Water bodies are very important and we should therefore take good care of them, Some Common Terms Associated with Drainage Systems, Weather Elements and Measuring Instruments. 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