Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Pollen can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. U.S. Although no other reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is quite probable that other parts of the plant also contain toxins[65]. The fruit ripens around September. Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. Privet’s dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the forest understories and along riparian corridors. Colonize by root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. Some species produce a fruit, which is mildly toxic to humans. Leaves are opposite, oblong, 1 to 2.4 in. They ripen to dark purple to black and persist into winter. United States Land-Grant University System – Find your Land-Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. Native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental plant. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. Chinese privet and the feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant. Habitats: Roadsides and in river valleys[109]. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – U.S. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Branches are brownish gray with light dots (lenticels), becoming hairy (rusty or grayish) and gray-green. History and use. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. (5 cm) long. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. N 01574. Used for centuries in traditional healing, privet fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses. like fruit. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. Introduced from China and Europe in the early to mid-1800s. fruit extract induces apoptosis and cell senescence in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through upregulation of p21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_lucidum&oldid=980216908, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 07:50. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet,[1] Chinese privet[2] glossy privet,[3] tree privet[4] or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). The Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) reproduces so successfully that it is displacing native vegetation in some parts of the southeastern United States. Chinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum: Family: Oleaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: The fruit is mildly toxic[238]. Ligustrum sinense. David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia. Resemble Japanese privet, L. japonicum Thunb., which has larger leaves and is further described in this book. It is a common garden escape in the southeast U. S. (where it is regarded as invasive), and reaches the northern edge of its range in Massachusetts. Ligustrum sinense Identification Card – U.S. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. Cambridge University Press. The seeds are known as nu zhen zi (female chastity seed/berry) in traditional Chinese medicine and are believed to nourish liver and kidney yin and jing in the treatment of tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (dizziness), premature graying of the hair, and soreness/weakness of the lower back and knees. Flowering occurs in late spring, when small, white flowers develop at the ends of branches in clusters that are 2 to 3 in. It was introduced into the United States in the early to mid-1800s as an ornamental plant; it later escaped from cultivation and has naturalized throughout the southeastern United States. Tonic herbs are used for patterns of Deficiency, when one lacks one of the 'Four Treasures' (Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang). Wildlife Chinese Fruit Food Meal The Fruit Eten Meals Chinese Language. [5][6][7] The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Ligustrum sinense. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. China Privet Fruit, China Privet Fruit Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Privet Fruit Products at dried fruit ,fruit companies ,dragon fruit vietnam from China Alibaba.com Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. Symptoms from eating privet fruit include nausea, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, low blood pressure, and low body temperature. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The privet fruit is a member of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as ligustrum lucidum ait. It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. Non-native privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. It is classed as a noxious weed in New South Wales, Australia,[1] and is similarly listed in New Zealand's National Pest Plant Accord. There are no native congeners in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the United States (Pemberton 1996). [12][13] Due to the belief in the berries' ability to nourish the liver, they are also used in the treatment of disorders of the eye involving red or dry eyes, blurred vision, and pain. Blossoms are followed by small, berrylike, blue-black fruit. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. Originally from China, Chinese privet is found throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and Midwestern North America. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina (Michx.) It works in the landscape as an evergreen ornamental shrub, however, it does not work well as a foundation plant. Where Found. It is also known for other alternative names such as Chinese Linguster, Chinese Wax-leaf Privet, Nu Zhen Zi (Glossy Privet Fruit) 女貞子 Nu Zhen Trueno and Yojungja. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. [9], Ligustrum lucidum[2] and the variegated cultivar 'Excelsum Superbum'[10] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. Chinese privet is semi-deciduous in colder areas, only grows to 5m high, has dull green leaves with a rounded tip and a hairy midrib on the underside. Poir., which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit. White tubular flowers (Oct-Mar) with characteristic purple or mauve anthers. Chinese privet has evergreen to semi- 1 Privet Fruit … (1.3 cm) long. Shade tolerant. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. Privet fruit is also effective for treating dizziness, fatigue, floaters and spots before the eyes, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), premature graying of hair, aching lower back, as well as macular degeneration. [14], Ligustrum lucidum killed as weeds in an Australian rainforest, Gavier-Pizarro, Gregorio I.; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Hoyos, Laura E.; Stewart, Susan I.; Huebner, Cynthia D.; Keuler, Nicholas S.; Radeloff, Volker C. 2012. Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early in the spring, before many other plants. [11], Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms. Glossy privet is a plant. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – UW-Extension Weed Science. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. Seed soil viability is about one year. It has become an invasive species in some areas where it has been introduced, such as urban areas in the southeastern United States. The bark is brownish-gray to light gray and slightly rough (not fissured). The fruit is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. Glossy privet is a plant. (2.5 to 6 cm) long, and 0.2 to 0.6 in. The flowers are similar to other privets, white or near white, borne in panicles, and have a strong fragrance, which some people find unpleasant. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. How to Grow Chinese Privet From a Cutting. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Monitoring the invasion of an exotic tree (, "Chinese Privet (Ligustrum Lucidum, Nu Zhen Zi) | Chinese Herbs Healing", "Ligustrum lucidum Ait. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service. Chinese privet, also called privet, privet hedge, and hedge bush, is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. Chinese privet is similar to Common Privet (Ligustrum vulgare), a European species that is naturalized in more temperate areas of the eastern United States. EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. Chinese privet would be a good candidate for classical biological control because the environmental risks associated with the importation and release of host specific natural enemies would be low. Scrophulariales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum sinense Lour. Young twigs covered with fine hairs visible under a l0x hand lens. The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Lig… A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas – National Park Service and U.S. An escape from cultivation, found near streams and in old fencerows. The Latin specific epithet lucidum means "bright" or "shiny", referring to the leaves. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Swarbrick JT, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999. Foliage can be pubescent along the underside of the midvein. ". Search ... and small, creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. "The Names of Plants". Present: AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA To see a county distribut… Privet fruit is from the ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known by the name of Nu Zhen Zi. Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from China. Be careful not to confuse glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum) with other species of privet such as Japanese privet, border privet, Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense), common privet, golden privet, and others. This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Most make good container subjects. Since most privets will grow well in any kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. Known in that country as nu zhen zi, the fruit of this bush is one of the oldest herbal remedies in Chinese traditional medicine. Ecological Threat Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. It is commonly used as an ornamental shrub and for hedgerows. Chinese privet can tolerate a wide range of conditions. White, aromatic flowers give way to small fruits that are eaten by birds and other wildlife; this is one way the plant spreads – the other is by root sprouts. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic Privet fruit are small, oblong-shaped berries that are dark blue or black. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet, Chinese privet glossy privet, tree privet or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. Chinese privet invades and damages native ecosystems. What is the best way to report the occurrence of an invasive species? Gledhill, David (2008). What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? Leaves are lustrous green above and pale green and hairy beneath. However, privet fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. The fruit are ellipsoidal to nearly globose and are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters. 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